- The Border Guards were part of the structure of the Soviet security service from the Russian civil war to the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991. During its history, the Chief Directorate of the Border Guards had counterintelligence, security, and military responsibilities. At the beginning of World War II, the Border Guards had a staff of 167,000 troops. In the 1970s and 1980s, the Border Guards were further expanded to cover the Chinese and Afghanistan borders. At the time of the 1991 August putsch, the Border Guards had a strength of 240,000.
Historical dictionary of Russian and Soviet Intelligence. Robert W. Pringle. 2014.
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